LIST OF FIGURES

К оглавлению
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 
34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 
68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 
85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 
102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 
119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 

2.1 A repertory grid taken from an interview with an instructor . . . . . . . 17

3.1 A basic grid sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

4.1 Laddering and pyramiding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

6.1 Cluster analysis – focusing the picture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

6.2 The store manager’s grid, before and after cluster analysis. . . . . . . . 122

6.3 Principal components analysis plot for the data in Table 6.13 . . . . . . 129

6.4 Store manager’s grid, variance accounted for,

and plot of first two components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

6.5 Two systems for showing star positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

7.1 Using Honey’s technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174

7.2 Exercise with Honey’s technique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

8.1 ‘Crossing over’ during the laddering-up process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

8.2 A worksheet for laddering upwards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

A1.1 Answers to exercise with Honey’s technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

LIST OF TABLES

2.1 A brief list of applications in which a repertory grid can be used. . . . . 9

2.2 Examples of elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

3.1 Examples of elicited element categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

3.2 Examples of qualifying statements for different topics . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

5.1 Characterising constructs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

6.1 An extract from a grid interview with a young training officer on

‘Trainers I have known’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

6.2 Sums of differences vary depending on the number of constructs . . 100

6.3 An extract from a grid interview with a young training officer

on ‘Trainers I have known’, together with element % similarity

scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

6.4 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of

a department store . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

6.5 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of a

department store, examining the simple relationship between

two constructs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

6.6 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of

a department store, examining the simple relationship

between constructs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

6.7 Relationship between two constructs about six people . . . . . . . . . . . 108

6.8 Relationship between two constructs about six people, showing

a reversal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

6.9 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of a

department store, examining the simple relationship between

constructs, and showing reversals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

6.10 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of

a department store, examining the simple relationship between

constructs, and showing reversals (% similarity scores) . . . . . . . . . . 117

6.11 Example of cluster analysis procedure for elements in Figure 6.2 . . 123

6.12 Example of cluster analysis procedure for constructs in Figure 6.2. . 125

6.13 Just some numbers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

6.14 Percentage of variance accounted for by each component of

Table 6.13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

6.15 An extract from a grid interview with a young training officer on

‘Trainers I have known’, together with element difference scores. . . 139

6.16 An extract from a grid on ‘Computers I might buy’, together with

element difference scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

6.17 An extract from a grid on ‘Computers I might buy’, together

with construct difference scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

7.1 Content-analysis procedure, Benefits Agency example . . . . . . . . . . . 153

7.2 Assessing reliability, step (4.2), before rearrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

7.3 Assessing reliability, step (4.2), after rearrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

7.4 Assessing reliability, step (4.3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

7.5 Assessing reliability, step (4.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

7.6 Assessing reliability, step (4.5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

7.7 Categories summarising factors assessed in venture capital

decision-making. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

7.8 Examples of ‘overall’ constructs in Honey’s contents-analysis

technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

7.9 Content-analysis procedure: factors related to book sales as

seen by publisher’s sales staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

8.1 Basic steps in laddering upwards: the first two iterations . . . . . . . . . 190

8.2 Completing the ladder shown in Table 8.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

8.3 A set of personal values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

8.4 Identifying the values hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201

8.5 Number of times each personal value is chosen in Table 8.4 . . . . . . . 203

8.6 The values hierarchy based on Tables 8.4 and 8.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

xiv THE EASY GUIDE TO REPERTORY GRIDS

8.7 Choices made in Exercise 8.3, Question c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207

9.1 Change grid analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

9.2 One interviewee’s two grids, A1 and A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

9.3 Single working grid sheet to summarise changes between

interviewee’s two grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218

9.4 Two different interviewees’ grids, Mr A and Ms B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

9.5 B’s attempt to reproduce A’s grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

A1.1 Example answers to Exercise 2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

A1.2 Example answers to Exercise 4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

A1.3 A simple element analysis of the grid shown as Table 6.15 . . . . . . 242

A1.4 A simple element analysis of the grid shown as Table 6.16 . . . . . . 242

A1.5 A simple element analysis of the grid shown as Table 6.16,

with % similarity scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

A1.6 An extract from a grid on ‘computers I might buy’, together

with construct difference scores, completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

A1.7 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of a

department store, examining the simple relationship between

constructs, and showing reversals (% similarity scores),

completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

A1.8 The values hierarchy for Table 8.7, Question c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

A6.1 The fundamental postulate and the corollaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277