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LIST OF FIGURES

К оглавлению

2.1 A repertory grid taken from an interview with an instructor . . . . . . . 17

3.1 A basic grid sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

4.1 Laddering and pyramiding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66

6.1 Cluster analysis – focusing the picture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

6.2 The store manager’s grid, before and after cluster analysis. . . . . . . . 122

6.3 Principal components analysis plot for the data in Table 6.13 . . . . . . 129

6.4 Store manager’s grid, variance accounted for,

and plot of first two components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133

6.5 Two systems for showing star positions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138

7.1 Using Honey’s technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174

7.2 Exercise with Honey’s technique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

8.1 ‘Crossing over’ during the laddering-up process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

8.2 A worksheet for laddering upwards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

A1.1 Answers to exercise with Honey’s technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

LIST OF TABLES

2.1 A brief list of applications in which a repertory grid can be used. . . . . 9

2.2 Examples of elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

3.1 Examples of elicited element categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

3.2 Examples of qualifying statements for different topics . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

5.1 Characterising constructs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

6.1 An extract from a grid interview with a young training officer on

‘Trainers I have known’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

6.2 Sums of differences vary depending on the number of constructs . . 100

6.3 An extract from a grid interview with a young training officer

on ‘Trainers I have known’, together with element % similarity

scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

6.4 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of

a department store . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

6.5 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of a

department store, examining the simple relationship between

two constructs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

6.6 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of

a department store, examining the simple relationship

between constructs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

6.7 Relationship between two constructs about six people . . . . . . . . . . . 108

6.8 Relationship between two constructs about six people, showing

a reversal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

6.9 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of a

department store, examining the simple relationship between

constructs, and showing reversals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

6.10 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of

a department store, examining the simple relationship between

constructs, and showing reversals (% similarity scores) . . . . . . . . . . 117

6.11 Example of cluster analysis procedure for elements in Figure 6.2 . . 123

6.12 Example of cluster analysis procedure for constructs in Figure 6.2. . 125

6.13 Just some numbers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

6.14 Percentage of variance accounted for by each component of

Table 6.13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

6.15 An extract from a grid interview with a young training officer on

‘Trainers I have known’, together with element difference scores. . . 139

6.16 An extract from a grid on ‘Computers I might buy’, together with

element difference scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140

6.17 An extract from a grid on ‘Computers I might buy’, together

with construct difference scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

7.1 Content-analysis procedure, Benefits Agency example . . . . . . . . . . . 153

7.2 Assessing reliability, step (4.2), before rearrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

7.3 Assessing reliability, step (4.2), after rearrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

7.4 Assessing reliability, step (4.3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

7.5 Assessing reliability, step (4.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160

7.6 Assessing reliability, step (4.5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

7.7 Categories summarising factors assessed in venture capital

decision-making. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

7.8 Examples of ‘overall’ constructs in Honey’s contents-analysis

technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

7.9 Content-analysis procedure: factors related to book sales as

seen by publisher’s sales staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178

8.1 Basic steps in laddering upwards: the first two iterations . . . . . . . . . 190

8.2 Completing the ladder shown in Table 8.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

8.3 A set of personal values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

8.4 Identifying the values hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201

8.5 Number of times each personal value is chosen in Table 8.4 . . . . . . . 203

8.6 The values hierarchy based on Tables 8.4 and 8.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203

xiv THE EASY GUIDE TO REPERTORY GRIDS

8.7 Choices made in Exercise 8.3, Question c. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207

9.1 Change grid analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

9.2 One interviewee’s two grids, A1 and A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 217

9.3 Single working grid sheet to summarise changes between

interviewee’s two grids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218

9.4 Two different interviewees’ grids, Mr A and Ms B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

9.5 B’s attempt to reproduce A’s grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

A1.1 Example answers to Exercise 2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235

A1.2 Example answers to Exercise 4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236

A1.3 A simple element analysis of the grid shown as Table 6.15 . . . . . . 242

A1.4 A simple element analysis of the grid shown as Table 6.16 . . . . . . 242

A1.5 A simple element analysis of the grid shown as Table 6.16,

with % similarity scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

A1.6 An extract from a grid on ‘computers I might buy’, together

with construct difference scores, completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

A1.7 Grid interview with the manager of the clothing section of a

department store, examining the simple relationship between

constructs, and showing reversals (% similarity scores),

completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

A1.8 The values hierarchy for Table 8.7, Question c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

A6.1 The fundamental postulate and the corollaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277