Interventions to Reduce Violence and Suicide

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Even if it were to be shown that firearms are a cause of lethal violence,

the development of successful programs to reduce such violence would

remain a complex undertaking, because such interventions would have to

address factors other than the use of a gun. Three chapters in this report

focus specifically on what is known about various interventions aimed at

reducing firearms violence by restricting access, or implementing prevention

programs, or implementing criminal justice interventions. These chapters

focus largely on what is known about the effects of different interventions

on criminal violence. Although suicide prevention rarely has been the

basis for public support of the passage of specific gun laws, such laws could

have unintended effects on suicide rates or unintended by-products. Thus,

in addition to the recommendations related to firearms and crime below,

the committee also recommends further studies of the link between firearms

policy and suicide.