ECOLOGICAL STUDIES OF GUN OWNERSHIP AND THE OVERALL RISK OF SUICIDE

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The great majority of research on suicide and gun ownership has been

“ecological,” in which the unit of observation is the community rather than

the individual, comparing measures of household gun ownership rates to

the rates of completed suicide. In some cases, the comparisons are allowed

to vary over time; in all cases, comparisons are made across several geographic

regions. Ecological studies of gun ownership and suicide in the

United States are summarized in Table 7-1.