Chapter IX Supporting Proximate Communities with P3-Systems: Technology for Connecting People-to-People-to- Geographical-Places

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Quentin Jones

New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA

Sukeshini A. Grandhi

New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA

Abstract

In this chapter we examine systems that link People-to-People-togeographical-

Places, which we label P3-Systems. Four major P3-Systems

design approaches have been identified by an analysis of systems prototyped

to date: (1) People Centric P3-System design that use absolute user

location, based on awareness of where somebody is located (e.g., Active

Badge); (2) People Centric P3-System design based on user co-location/

proximity (e.g., Hocman); (3) Place Centric P3-System design based on

the use of virtual spaces that contain representations of user’s use of

physical spaces (e.g., ActiveMap); and (4) Place Centric P3-System

design based on the use of virtual spaces that contain online interactions

related to physical location (e.g., Geonotes). This chapter explores how

proximate community member interactions can potentially be well

supported by P3-Systems through the improved geographical

contextualization and coordination of interactions and the identification

of previously unidentified location based affinities between community

members.